Addressing Homelessness

During the long week of meetings at the Commission for Social Development (CSocD58) at the United Nations headquarters, several meetings were held on the theme of the affordable housing and the social protection systems for all to address homelessness. In one of the meetings held on February 12, 2020, Mr. Srinivas Tata, Director of the Social Development Division of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific asserted that universality is what we have to pursue now by social protection and that should include affordable health system, timely manner, accessibility and profound resolution for homelessness. 

Ms. Christina Behrendt, Head of Social Policy Unit, Social Protection Department, International Labour Organization (ILO) emphasized the importance of universal social protection system for relevant systems and inadequate housing in all different categories of population. For example, social pension, child benefit and maternal care should be implemented to all people that is excluded by 55% of people currently. She asserted that not so high percentage of GDP is needed for the achievement of adequate of housing for all and SDGs, so that we need strong consensus for the effective policy making and adaption. In addition, not only ensuring coverage is a problem but also stable policy and making people to believe in this system too, since those plans need tax and contribution of the society. To conclued, she mentioned 6 keys for the achievement, which are coverage, risk addressing, quality, monitoring, coordinating and adapting. 

Mr. Marco Toscano-Rivalta, Chief of the New York Liaison Office of the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction made sure that housing is a different type of disastrous risk since there are unintended consequences. He mentioned that as there are also some differences even in the same family, diversity should be cared in the process of policy making and implementations. Also he pointed out that the strong collaboration in UN and other regional offices is necessary. And he emphasized that data would help the country to understand their risk and situation thoroughly so the UN Habitat and the other organizations should work on that.

Ms. Francesca De Ferrari the United Nations Human Settlement Programme (UN-Habitat) of the New York Office asserted that the affordable housing and accessible housing is a start of every other rights like employment and SDGs consequently. She claimed that housing is not a roof, it is a fundamental human right and people should be considered as the center of actions. Also she emphasized that the coverage of the policy should include women, children, people with disability, refugees and migrants in all socio-economic factors.

http://olympiawa.gov/community/homelessness.aspx

Date/Location: Tuesday, 12th, February, 2020 ;15 :00 to 18:00 ; Conference Room 4, United Nations Headquarters, New York, NY

Speakers:

Mr. Srinivas Tata, Director of the Social Development Division of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)

Ms. Christina Behrendt, Head, Social Policy Unit, Social Protection Department, International Labour Organization (ILO)

Mr. Marco Toscano-Rivalta, Chief of the New York Liaison Office of the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction

Ms. Francesca De Ferrari, the United Nations Human Settlement Programme (UN-Habitat) of the New York Office

Written By: WIT Representative Jinhong Eom

Smart Home to Smart City – Technology for Ageing

Source: https://global.toyota/en/

As a side event for the 58th Session of the Commission on Social Development, experts gathered together to demonstrate the challenging and innovative solutions from the best practices under the name of “Smart Home to Smart City – Technology for Ageing”.

Prof. Naoko Iwasaki, Waseda University APEC Director on Smart Silver Innovation, suggested that DX technologies will be the key to solve the issues on the damages of loneliness, mobility, jobless, and disasters in the ageing society, and UN should be leader to strengthen and develop capacity building on ‘Smart City’ and for a new framework for Smart Home project to increase citizen’s Quality of Life (QoL) under SDGs.

Dr. Wantanee Phantachat, Executive Director, Research center for Assistive technology and medical devices, National Science and Technology Development Agency, illustrated inclusive care model at community level using ICT. The model was successful in collecting health data, promoting primary care and preventive care, and promoting health literacy recognition among Thai people.

Prof. J.P. Auffret, George Mason University, President International Academy of CIO, demonstrated about the successful usage of AI on health caring. Dr. Stephen Ezell, YP, Vice President of Information and Technology Innovation Foundation, also emphasized on the need to adopt telehealth facilitating remote care provision and to use digital technology to help address social isolation. The experts voiced together on the need of policy consideration and engagement of seniors in developing products.

Source: https://www.un.org/development/desa/en/

Meeting: The 58th UNCSocD Side Event: Smart Home to Smart City – Technology for Ageing

Date/Location: Friday 14th February 2020; 15:00 to 18:00; Conference Room 12, United Nations Headquarters, New York, NY

Speakers: 

Prof. Toshio Obi, Waseda University, Ex-chair OECD Digital Ageing Project

Mr. Toshiya Hoshino, Ambassador of Japan to the United Nation

Prof. Naoko Iwasaki, Waseda University APEC Director on Smart Silver Innovation (Japan)

Prof. Alexander Ryzhov, RANEPA (Russia)

Dr. Wantanee Phantachat, Executive Director, Research center for Assistive technology and medical devices, National Science and Technology Development Agency (Thailand)

Prof. Theng Yin Leng, Nanyang Technology University (Singapore)

Dr. Stephen Ezell, YP, Vice President of Information and Technology Innovation Foundation (USA)

Prof. J.P. Auffret, George Mason University, President International Academy of CIO (USA)

Mr. Akihiko Sasaki, Director, North-American Center of NICT, MIC (Japan)

Written by WIT Representative Hakeoung Ellen Lee

CSocD58-IFFD Briefing: Our Frist Home Adequate Housing

Source : https://www.un.org/development/desa/en/

    This meeting was convened to discuss about Frist home adequate housing and the specific topic was Evidence – based Policy Recommendations Supporting Family Formation and Adequate Housing.

    Professor Stern of Business School Cabral Stressed that the right to housing is interdependent with other socio-economic human rights. Mr. Cabral said Good neighborhoods nurture success a key point and talked about the importance of relationship between lower-poverty neighborhoods and higher-poverty neighborhoods.

    Ms. Ferrari stressed about How to make policy. She said housing policy should be supported through fundraising and that the UN should provide guidelines on public relations and social welfare. And also, she stressed house condition for young people such as share houses and rental houses.

    Mr. Luiz emphasized the role of local government, focusing on the problems of the cities. Over all, many speakers stressed about the role of government and organization and demanded immediate response from them.

Meeting : CSocD58-IFFD Briefing: Our Frist Home Adequate Housing

Date/Location : Tuesday 13th February 2020, 13:15 to 14:30, Conferenceroom12, United Nations Headquarter, New York, NY

Speakers :

Mr. Mario Armella – World President of the International Federation for Family Development

Mr. Azril Abd Aziz – Minister Counselor, Permanent Mission of Malaysia to the Untied Nations

Luis M. B. Cabral – Stern School of Business of New York University

Mr. lgnacio Socias – Director of International Relations at IFFD

Ms. Francesca de Ferrari – Programme Management Officer at UN-Habitat, New York

Mr. Luiz Alvaro Sales Aguiar de Menezes – Secretary for International Affairs at the Municipality of Sao Paulo

Written by : WIT Representative, Sungyeon You

2020 United Nations Public Service Forum and Awards : “Action Today, Impact Tomorrow”

Source: https://publicadministration.un.org/en/

The United Nations Public Service Forum is organized annually by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs to mark United Nations Public Service Day (23 June). Recognized for its leading role in public service innovation and digital government, the Republic of Korea will host the 2020 United Nations Public Service Forum from 23 to 26 June in Busan. 

Under the theme of “Action Today, Impact Tomorrow: Innovating and Transforming Public Services and Institutions to Realize the Sustainable Development Goals”, the event draws together ministers, government officials, international and regional organizations, schools of public administration, the private sector and civil society to present and discuss initiatives and best practices in public administration. It aims to further promote transformative governance and innovative public administration and services in advancing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. 

Dr. In-jae Lee, Deputy Minister of the Interior and Safety of the Republic of Korea, announced roughly 1,500 participants from more than 100 countries, including high-level officials, are expected to attend the Forum. The Forum includes following: High Level Opening and Keynote Addresses, Plenary Panel on ‘Action Today, Impact Tomorrow’, Plenary Panel on ‘Global and Regional Trends in Digital Government’, 6 Capacity Development Workshops, Ministerial Roundtable, UNPSA Awards Ceremony, Launch of UN E-Government Survey, Exhibition of the 2020 UNPSA Winning Initiatives, Study Tour Organized by the Government of the Republic of Korea.

Meeting: Briefing on the 2020 United Nations Public Service Forum and Awards (organized by the Permanent Mission of the Republic of Korea) 

Date/Location: Tuesday 11th February 2020; 11:30 to 13:00; Conference Room 6, United Nations Headquarters, New York, NY

Speakers: 

Mr. Liu Zhenmin, United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs 

Dr. In-jae Lee, Deputy Minister of the Interior and Safety of the Republic of Korea

H.E. Mr. Yashar T.Aliyev, Permanent Representative of the Republic of Azerbaijan to the United Nations (UNPSF Host 2019; UNPSA Winner 2015) 

Ms. Elizabeth Niland, UNPSF coordinator, Governance and Public Administration Officer, Public Services Innovation Branch, Division of Public Institutions and Digital Government, UN DESA 

Ms. Zohra Khan, Global Policy Advisor, Governance and National Planning, UN Women (UNPSF co-organizer) 

Mr. Woong Joe Ko, Director for Plaaning and Operation, 2020 UNPSF Preparatory Office, Ministry of the Interior and Safety, Republic of Korea 

Mr. John-Mary Kauzya, Chief, Public Services Innovation Branch, Division of Public Institutions and Digital Government, UN DESA 

Written by WIT Representative Hakeoung Ellen Lee

58th Session of the Commission for Social Development (CSocD58)

Source: http://www.un.org/development/desa

The Commission for Social Development (CSocD58) is the advisory body responsible for the social development pillar of global development within the United Nations. The commission is currently holding its 58th Session at the United Nations headquarters in New York from February 10- 19th2020. Also, as a highlight during the 2020 session, the Commission for Social Development is celebrating its 75th anniversary, and the 25th anniversary of the Copenhagen Declaration for Social Development.

The theme for the 58th Session of the Commission for Social Development is “Affordable housing and social protection systems for all to address homelessness

During the first meeting of the 58th Commission for Social Development, H.E. Mr. Wulfran announced the newly elected officers, and vice presidents in different regions. United nations Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs, Mr. Zhenmin, in his remark showed the follow-up to the World Summit for Social Development and the twenty-fourth extraordinary session of the General Assembly with the Priority theme: “Affordable Housing and Social Protection Systems for All to Address Homelessness”. He mentioned the novel Corona virus, which is impacting China, and spreading all around the world. Global efforts to prevent the novel corona virus is necessary for social protection. The effort for china in global health and support to outbreak the novel Corona virus soon. Provision of adequate, safe and, affordable housing, expansion of social impact, adoption of climate change, partnership with government, and civil society is the priority theme for social protection, development, and policy.

Chair of the NGO Committee for Social Development, Mr. Perell recognized that the implementation of the Copenhagen Declaration and the Programme of Action, the Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing, Action for Youth, four the objectives of the International Year of the Family and their follow-up processes. He also highlighted the role of non-governmental organizations, civil society actors, in advancing the implementation of the Copenhagen Declaration and the Programme of Action and, in this respect, the work of the Commission. The important thing is encouraging the member state to find the tool and take advantage to consider a new approach for the decade of action delivery for social hosing development with the universal definition for homelessness, academic study, and policy declaration.

https://www.un.org/development/desa/dspd/2019/10/inclusive-united-cities/

Representative in Youth, Ms. Tan Ja Yi recognized the homeless social protection services with member state commitment to invest prioritize and underrate and lifelong system for youth. She pointed out providing to every child in the same line is need able to give good nutrient food, financial aid for high education, etc. According to UNICEF reports, the government programs still challenge to provide education to all children go the school and need some resources to analyze. She talked about the review of relevant United Nations plans and programs of action about the situation of social groups, especially youth and women.

Director of DESA’s Division for Inclusive Social Development, Ms. Bas briefly emphasized the Social dimensions of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the African Union’s Agenda have triggered progress and shifted the way African governments and their development partners consider about the gap’s challenges related to social, economic, and political transformation in Africa. For the National dimension of a new partnership in African, we should produce social progress, political development of Africa, improve the living standard and going forward to prioritize their policy for sustainable growth, and universal education or health.

She pointed government leaders and decision-makers at national level should continue to champion sound governance and focus on the provision of public goods and services. She also highlighted the policy tool for portable housing can affect society and show the result by implementing the social framework. United Nations system organizations and African Union institutions should continue to establish more formal and consistent coordination.

Meeting: 58th session of the Commission for Social Development

Date/Location: Monday 10th February 2020; 10:00 am to 1:00 pm; Conference Room 4, United Nations Headquarters, New York, NY

Speakers
H.E. Mr. Gbolié Desiré Wulfran IPO, Chairperson of commission for social development

Mr. Liu Zhenmin, Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs 

Daniel Perell, Chair of the NGO Committee for Social Development.

Olivia Tan Ja Yi, Representative in Youth and Yale University

Daniela Bas, Director of DESA’s Division for Inclusive Social Development

Written By: WIT Representative Huijun Edelyn Park

The Global State of Democracy Report 2019

(Source: https://medium.com/wordsthatmatter/voting-for-democracy-dcac09090b8a)

This meeting of the The Global State of Democracy Report 2019: Addressing the Ills, Reviving the Promise was convened to discuss about the state of democracy. The representatives gathered to discuss about democracy.

Annika Silva-Leander said that all regions are more democratic now than 40 years ago. She said that democracy continues to spread to countries that have never been democracies. Not only that, democracy has proven resilient. Furthermore, democracy is an enabler of sustainable development, which is the fundamental right.

However, there are some challenges to democracy. First, the quality of democracy is declining. For example, share of weak democracies is on the rise. Also, democratic erosion and backsliding are on the rise and civic space is striking across all regions. In addition, hybridity has increased in the past four decades. Moreover, there is the insufficient progress in three areas: 43% of countries still have high levels of corruption and progress on gender equality is too slow. There are some policy recommendations as well. First, she recommended to improve the quality of democracy beyond elections. Second, it is important to focus discussions on delivery of democracy. Third, democracy support should be evidence, context and performance-based.

Next, Gulden Turkoz-Cosslett talked about democracy and sustainable development goals. She said these are the aspirations that are universal. Also, she said that democracy requires constant adaptation and constant attention—it should never be taken for granted. Not only that, media market has revolutionized the information flow; however, it allowed mis-information to be spread. Certainly, we should seek out justice and help the institutions.

Meeting Title: On the occasion of the International Human Rights Day Launch of The Global State of Democracy Report 2019: Addressing the Ills, Reviving the Promise

Date/Location: Thursday, 12 December, 2019; 10:00-12:30; Conference Room 11; United Nations Headquarters, New York, NY

Speakers:

Annika Silva-Leander, heads the Democracy Assessment and Political Analysis (DAPA) unit;

Gulden Turkoz-Cosslett, the Deputy Assistant Administrator and Deputy Director, Bureau of External Relations and Advocacy, UNDP

Written by: WIT Representative, Won Ah Oh

Celebrating Human Rights Day: Youth standing up for human rights

(Source: https://www.standup4humanrights.org/en/download.html)

This meeting of the Celebrating Human Rights Day: Youth standing up for human rights was convened to discuss about human rights. The youth representatives gathered to discuss about the human rights.

First, the UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres gave remarks about the role of young people in protecting human rights. He said that human rights are the goal of the UN. Then, the whole audiences played a mobile game together through Kahoot and the game tested audiences’ knowledge of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and human rights in general.

Then, a spokesperson said behalf of Feliciana Herrera Ceto who could not attend, that youth have the right to decide the future. Also, Alexus Lawrence, who is an advocate for homelessness, claimed that many people are suffering from gentrification. She said that homelessness touches all parts of life and activism makes adults uncomfortable. These days, youth activists are active than other generation. Not only that, Fatou said wearing suits and seating at the table do not confront the problem. She challenged us to be uncomfortable. She said not only survivors, but everyone should be safe. Alexus said to the government official that they should be listening and understanding, since we are talking about people’s real lives. She encouraged the youth that we know how to make a better place. We should step out of the comfort zone and we can make a better world. More importantly, we should speak up and start now.

Meeting Title: Celebrating Human Rights Day: Youth standing up for human rights

Date/Location: Tuesday, 10 December, 2019; 11:30-13:00; Conference Room 2; United Nations Headquarters, New York, NY

Speakers:

Antonio Guterres, the UN Secretary-General;

Fatou “Toufah” Jallow from The Gambia, activist against sexual violence;

Alexus Lawrence from New York, CUNY (City University New York) freshman engaged in activism for youth and children;

Carl Smith from the indigenous Yupiaq tribe in Alaska, USA;

Feliciana Herrera Ceto from Ixil Region in Guatemala, a youth indigenous leader (unable to attend)

Written by: WIT Representative, Won Ah Oh

Mission of Senegal: Achieving Menstrual Equity and Keeping Girls in School: Raising Awareness and Improving Access to Feminine Hygiene Products

GirlsHelpingGirlsPeriod에 대한 이미지 검색결과

(Source: https://www.girlshelpinggirlsperiod.org/)

This meeting of the Mission of Senegal: Achieving Menstrual Equity and Keeping Girls in School was convened to discuss about improving access to feminine hygiene products. The experts gathered to discuss about raising the awareness of the role of women in a society in general.

First, keeping girls in school is important. There is a Menstrual Hygiene day in Senegal by the help of UNFPA and United Nation Women. However, there is no sexual education, and we have to speak up about it now—everyone should fight for it. Amelia Thompson said healthy education is needed in developed countries as well. She asked, “Why can’t girls talk about period in public place?” Also, there is no menstrual tool for homeless people in developed countries; homeless people use t-shirts and socks as pads.

Furthermore, Danielle said all girls and boys should have sexual education. She emphasized that the education for men and boys is critical; education should be accessible for all. The education should be age appropriate and should be fun and engaging for kids. For example, Indonesia has developed the new educational materials for all. Emily said that we should distribute sexual health products for both boys and girls. She said we should let boys touch these products and educate them with menstrual health. Lisa said we should involve boys in parts of education to eliminate the stigma from girls. For example, we should let the boys act as if they have menstrual periods. Boys should be the advocates for girls, should walk with girls and accept girls as who they are. Certainly, they should be informed that menstruation is a normal thing.

In addition, Lulu raised the question about how to save the environment through using washable pads in this climate change era. However, we have found that young girls do not like the idea of washing the reusable pads. However, using excessive amounts of pads is a huge environmental problem that we should tackle. There should be an effective waste management system for the pads in the garbage. We should invent the high-quality hygienic product that is easy to wash.

Meeting Title: Mission of Senegal: Achieving Menstrual Equity and Keeping Girls in School

Date/Location: Friday, 22 November, 2019; 11:30-13:00; Conference Room 7; United Nations Headquarters, New York, NY

Speakers:

Amelia Thompson, Founder, WeDeliverPeriod;

Danielle Engel, UNFPA;

Lisa, a Founder of Reproductive Health in Uganda;

Emily Hoppes, HURU International;

Lulu, a Director of Media for Homegirl Project

Written by: WIT Representative, Won Ah Oh

The Role of Civil Society in Supporting UN System-Wide Coordination: Research, Data Collection, and Analysis in Drug Policy

(Source: https://www.cybercom.com/About-Cybercom/Blogs/the-sustainability-blog/sustainability-development-goal-3—good-health-and-well-being/)

This meeting of the The Role of Civil Society in Supporting UN System-Wide Coordination: Research, Data Collection, and Analysis in Drug Policy was convened to discuss about the drug policy.

Daniel Werb talked about improving drug policy metrics to achieve the sustainable development goal agenda. He said that drug policy can impede progress towards achieving the sustainable development goal agenda. Sustainable Development Goal 3 is to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all. In addition, SDG Target 3.3 is to end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases. Also, SDG Target 3.5 is to strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse. He further explained that measurement of the impact of national drug policies is generally poor among UN member states.

Moreover, the drug policy metrics map is a tool for government, civil society and researchers to understand how UN Member States evaluate their national drug policies. It also provides an in-depth look at Member State drug policy evaluations by systematically imputing domains, metrics and indicators from government documents. Not only that, it can generate correlations between the number/types of metrics used by Member States and the drug and drug policy-related outcomes.

Meeting Title: The Role of Civil Society in Supporting UN System-Wide Coordination: Research, Data Collection, and Analysis in Drug Policy

Date/Location: Tuesday, 12 November, 2019; 15:00-16:30; Conference Room 11; United Nations Headquarters, New York, NYSpeakers:

Martin Jelsma, Programme Director, Drugs & Democracy, Transnational Institute (The Netherlands)

Rene Gabriel Lauer, Counsellor, Permanent Mission of Luxembourg;

Daniel Werb, Ph. D, Executive Director, Centre on Drug Policy Evaluation

Written by: WIT Representative, Won Ah Oh

Putting People First in AI – High Level Presentation of the OECD Principles on Artificial Intelligence

Pic of AI presentation

Source

This meeting of the Slovak Republic/OECD: Putting People First in AI was convened to discuss OECD Principles on Artificial Intelligence. Representatives from around the world gathered to discuss how we should act in this digital era.
First, H.E. Mr. Ulrik Vestergaard Knudsen said that OECD has launched an AI policy that provides an online hub for open dialogue that implements AI principles. It is opened to any interested countries beyond OECD members. H.E. Darja Bavda Kuret, an Ambassador of Slovenia, said that digitalization like the Internet of Things, machine learning and AI transforms our economy. However, there is a huge gap since some people do not even have any access to the internet while big companies utilize AI. She asked, “How are we going to investigate that no one is behind?” Furthermore, H.E. Mr. Lazarous Kapambwe from Zambia asked, “How do we handle the inequality of social opportunities?”
Consequently, Knudsen answered the questions by saying that it is through accountability and transparency. He further questioned, “Who owns the data of this world? Is it an individual or the state or the party?” He said that it is a huge problem and we need a harmonization. Not only that, we need to care about AI and climate change. It is impossible to reduce CO2 without science, technology, and innovation. We should utilize AI to protect humanity from climate change.
Moreover, a representative from Canada said consumer protection is important. We need public education and should be responsible for innovation. We also need government funding for this. A representative from Columbia said that the government should commit this 4th industrial revolution. We should reduce inequality in this digital economy, and we should include trust and security.
Robert from UNDP said that development is redefined by technology. How to democratize technology such as big data, blockchain and IoT is important. We need a new business model that is more accessible to any income level. He emphasized that data is so important that the system gets more efficient with more data. Also, Steven from UNICEF said there should be human-centered AI. Nudsen concluded that the ethical issue is so important. Transparency is about consumers; consumers should know what they are consuming with a computer. Also, we need to share the data to become successful.

Meeting Title: Slovak Republic/OECD: Putting People First in AI

Date/Location: Thursday, 7 November, 2019; 13:15-14:30; Conference Room 12; United Nations Headquarters, New York, NY

Speakers:

H.E. Darja Bavda Kuret, Ambassador of Slovenia;

H.E. Mr. Lazarous Kapambwe, Permanent Representative of Zambia to the UN;

H.E. Mr. Ulrik Vestergaard Knudsen, Deputy Secretary General, OECD;

A Representative from Canada;

A Representative from Columbia;

Robert from UNDP;

Steven from UNICEF

Written by: WIT Representative, Won Ah Oh