The Global State of Democracy Report 2019

(Source: https://medium.com/wordsthatmatter/voting-for-democracy-dcac09090b8a)

This meeting of the The Global State of Democracy Report 2019: Addressing the Ills, Reviving the Promise was convened to discuss about the state of democracy. The representatives gathered to discuss about democracy.

Annika Silva-Leander said that all regions are more democratic now than 40 years ago. She said that democracy continues to spread to countries that have never been democracies. Not only that, democracy has proven resilient. Furthermore, democracy is an enabler of sustainable development, which is the fundamental right.

However, there are some challenges to democracy. First, the quality of democracy is declining. For example, share of weak democracies is on the rise. Also, democratic erosion and backsliding are on the rise and civic space is striking across all regions. In addition, hybridity has increased in the past four decades. Moreover, there is the insufficient progress in three areas: 43% of countries still have high levels of corruption and progress on gender equality is too slow. There are some policy recommendations as well. First, she recommended to improve the quality of democracy beyond elections. Second, it is important to focus discussions on delivery of democracy. Third, democracy support should be evidence, context and performance-based.

Next, Gulden Turkoz-Cosslett talked about democracy and sustainable development goals. She said these are the aspirations that are universal. Also, she said that democracy requires constant adaptation and constant attention—it should never be taken for granted. Not only that, media market has revolutionized the information flow; however, it allowed mis-information to be spread. Certainly, we should seek out justice and help the institutions.

Meeting Title: On the occasion of the International Human Rights Day Launch of The Global State of Democracy Report 2019: Addressing the Ills, Reviving the Promise

Date/Location: Thursday, 12 December, 2019; 10:00-12:30; Conference Room 11; United Nations Headquarters, New York, NY

Speakers:

Annika Silva-Leander, heads the Democracy Assessment and Political Analysis (DAPA) unit;

Gulden Turkoz-Cosslett, the Deputy Assistant Administrator and Deputy Director, Bureau of External Relations and Advocacy, UNDP

Written by: WIT Representative, Won Ah Oh

Celebrating Human Rights Day: Youth standing up for human rights

(Source: https://www.standup4humanrights.org/en/download.html)

This meeting of the Celebrating Human Rights Day: Youth standing up for human rights was convened to discuss about human rights. The youth representatives gathered to discuss about the human rights.

First, the UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres gave remarks about the role of young people in protecting human rights. He said that human rights are the goal of the UN. Then, the whole audiences played a mobile game together through Kahoot and the game tested audiences’ knowledge of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and human rights in general.

Then, a spokesperson said behalf of Feliciana Herrera Ceto who could not attend, that youth have the right to decide the future. Also, Alexus Lawrence, who is an advocate for homelessness, claimed that many people are suffering from gentrification. She said that homelessness touches all parts of life and activism makes adults uncomfortable. These days, youth activists are active than other generation. Not only that, Fatou said wearing suits and seating at the table do not confront the problem. She challenged us to be uncomfortable. She said not only survivors, but everyone should be safe. Alexus said to the government official that they should be listening and understanding, since we are talking about people’s real lives. She encouraged the youth that we know how to make a better place. We should step out of the comfort zone and we can make a better world. More importantly, we should speak up and start now.

Meeting Title: Celebrating Human Rights Day: Youth standing up for human rights

Date/Location: Tuesday, 10 December, 2019; 11:30-13:00; Conference Room 2; United Nations Headquarters, New York, NY

Speakers:

Antonio Guterres, the UN Secretary-General;

Fatou “Toufah” Jallow from The Gambia, activist against sexual violence;

Alexus Lawrence from New York, CUNY (City University New York) freshman engaged in activism for youth and children;

Carl Smith from the indigenous Yupiaq tribe in Alaska, USA;

Feliciana Herrera Ceto from Ixil Region in Guatemala, a youth indigenous leader (unable to attend)

Written by: WIT Representative, Won Ah Oh

Mission of Senegal: Achieving Menstrual Equity and Keeping Girls in School: Raising Awareness and Improving Access to Feminine Hygiene Products

GirlsHelpingGirlsPeriod에 대한 이미지 검색결과

(Source: https://www.girlshelpinggirlsperiod.org/)

This meeting of the Mission of Senegal: Achieving Menstrual Equity and Keeping Girls in School was convened to discuss about improving access to feminine hygiene products. The experts gathered to discuss about raising the awareness of the role of women in a society in general.

First, keeping girls in school is important. There is a Menstrual Hygiene day in Senegal by the help of UNFPA and United Nation Women. However, there is no sexual education, and we have to speak up about it now—everyone should fight for it. Amelia Thompson said healthy education is needed in developed countries as well. She asked, “Why can’t girls talk about period in public place?” Also, there is no menstrual tool for homeless people in developed countries; homeless people use t-shirts and socks as pads.

Furthermore, Danielle said all girls and boys should have sexual education. She emphasized that the education for men and boys is critical; education should be accessible for all. The education should be age appropriate and should be fun and engaging for kids. For example, Indonesia has developed the new educational materials for all. Emily said that we should distribute sexual health products for both boys and girls. She said we should let boys touch these products and educate them with menstrual health. Lisa said we should involve boys in parts of education to eliminate the stigma from girls. For example, we should let the boys act as if they have menstrual periods. Boys should be the advocates for girls, should walk with girls and accept girls as who they are. Certainly, they should be informed that menstruation is a normal thing.

In addition, Lulu raised the question about how to save the environment through using washable pads in this climate change era. However, we have found that young girls do not like the idea of washing the reusable pads. However, using excessive amounts of pads is a huge environmental problem that we should tackle. There should be an effective waste management system for the pads in the garbage. We should invent the high-quality hygienic product that is easy to wash.

Meeting Title: Mission of Senegal: Achieving Menstrual Equity and Keeping Girls in School

Date/Location: Friday, 22 November, 2019; 11:30-13:00; Conference Room 7; United Nations Headquarters, New York, NY

Speakers:

Amelia Thompson, Founder, WeDeliverPeriod;

Danielle Engel, UNFPA;

Lisa, a Founder of Reproductive Health in Uganda;

Emily Hoppes, HURU International;

Lulu, a Director of Media for Homegirl Project

Written by: WIT Representative, Won Ah Oh

The Role of Civil Society in Supporting UN System-Wide Coordination: Research, Data Collection, and Analysis in Drug Policy

(Source: https://www.cybercom.com/About-Cybercom/Blogs/the-sustainability-blog/sustainability-development-goal-3—good-health-and-well-being/)

Daniel Werb talked about improving drug policy metrics to achieve the sustainable development goal agenda. He said that drug policy can impede progress towards achieving the sustainable development goal agenda. Sustainable Development Goal 3 is to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all. In addition, SDG Target 3.3 is to end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases. Also, SDG Target 3.5 is to strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse. He further explained that measurement of the impact of national drug policies is generally poor among UN member states.

Moreover, the drug policy metrics map is a tool for government, civil society and researchers to understand how UN Member States evaluate their national drug policies. It also provides an in-depth look at Member State drug policy evaluations by systematically imputing domains, metrics and indicators from government documents. Not only that, it can generate correlations between the number/types of metrics used by Member States and the drug and drug policy-related outcomes.

Meeting Title: The Role of Civil Society in Supporting UN System-Wide Coordination: Research, Data Collection, and Analysis in Drug Policy

Date/Location: Tuesday, 12 November, 2019; 15:00-16:30; Conference Room 11; United Nations Headquarters, New York, NYSpeakers:

Martin Jelsma, Programme Director, Drugs & Democracy, Transnational Institute (The Netherlands)

Rene Gabriel Lauer, Counsellor, Permanent Mission of Luxembourg;

Daniel Werb, Ph. D, Executive Director, Centre on Drug Policy Evaluation

Written by: WIT Representative, Won Ah Oh

This meeting of the The Role of Civil Society in Supporting UN System-Wide Coordination: Research, Data Collection, and Analysis in Drug Policy was convened to discuss about the drug policy.

Putting People First in AI – High Level Presentation of the OECD Principles on Artificial Intelligence

Pic of AI presentation

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This meeting of the Slovak Republic/OECD: Putting People First in AI was convened to discuss OECD Principles on Artificial Intelligence. Representatives from around the world gathered to discuss how we should act in this digital era.
First, H.E. Mr. Ulrik Vestergaard Knudsen said that OECD has launched an AI policy that provides an online hub for open dialogue that implements AI principles. It is opened to any interested countries beyond OECD members. H.E. Darja Bavda Kuret, an Ambassador of Slovenia, said that digitalization like the Internet of Things, machine learning and AI transforms our economy. However, there is a huge gap since some people do not even have any access to the internet while big companies utilize AI. She asked, “How are we going to investigate that no one is behind?” Furthermore, H.E. Mr. Lazarous Kapambwe from Zambia asked, “How do we handle the inequality of social opportunities?”
Consequently, Knudsen answered the questions by saying that it is through accountability and transparency. He further questioned, “Who owns the data of this world? Is it an individual or the state or the party?” He said that it is a huge problem and we need a harmonization. Not only that, we need to care about AI and climate change. It is impossible to reduce CO2 without science, technology, and innovation. We should utilize AI to protect humanity from climate change.
Moreover, a representative from Canada said consumer protection is important. We need public education and should be responsible for innovation. We also need government funding for this. A representative from Columbia said that the government should commit this 4th industrial revolution. We should reduce inequality in this digital economy, and we should include trust and security.
Robert from UNDP said that development is redefined by technology. How to democratize technology such as big data, blockchain and IoT is important. We need a new business model that is more accessible to any income level. He emphasized that data is so important that the system gets more efficient with more data. Also, Steven from UNICEF said there should be human-centered AI. Nudsen concluded that the ethical issue is so important. Transparency is about consumers; consumers should know what they are consuming with a computer. Also, we need to share the data to become successful.

Meeting Title: Slovak Republic/OECD: Putting People First in AI

Date/Location: Thursday, 7 November, 2019; 13:15-14:30; Conference Room 12; United Nations Headquarters, New York, NY

Speakers:

H.E. Darja Bavda Kuret, Ambassador of Slovenia;

H.E. Mr. Lazarous Kapambwe, Permanent Representative of Zambia to the UN;

H.E. Mr. Ulrik Vestergaard Knudsen, Deputy Secretary General, OECD;

A Representative from Canada;

A Representative from Columbia;

Robert from UNDP;

Steven from UNICEF

Written by: WIT Representative, Won Ah Oh

VNR Lab “Strengthening the Use of Data for Evidence-based VNR”

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(Source: https://www.needpix.com/photo/934747/big-data-data-statistics-analytics-analysis)

As one of the two major review mechanisms for the implementation of Agenda 2030, Voluntary National Reviews (VNR) is prepared by member states to describe and evaluate their progress on achieving the 17 SDGs. VNR lab today brought Ghana, the United Kingdom, and Denmark to the table to share their experiences on engaging policymakers in utilizing SDG-related data, systematically cooperating with the civil society especially to create mutual benefits and integrating data sources to identify specific community needs. While countries have improved in generating data to measure SDGs, challenges remain as decision-makers are slow in response.

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People and Nature – Solutions to Accelerating Progress Towards the 2030 Agenda and Averting Planetary Catastrophe

Co-organised by Costa-Rica, the Delegation of the European Union with YouNGO, UNEP, WWF and UNDP, delegations and civil organizations convened to discuss solutions that can accelerate progress towards achieving the SDGs by 2030. The meeting specifically called for collaborative climate action, where the balance between nature and humans can then be restored and sustained.

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An Intergenerational Dialogue on the Role of Youth in Implementing Climate Action

Organized by the Permanent Mission of Ireland, delegations met today to discuss the role of youth engagement in implementing SDG 13 (Climate Action). Consensus was reached on the urgency of mobilizing all population groups, especially the youth and the individuals from risk-prone regions like the Marshall Islands, into climate action, as they have the most at stake, considering we are currently only experiencing the impact of dire carbon emissions that were created back in the late 90s, with the full consequences of all emissions being foreseen to manifest in the next few decades.

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(Source: https://twitter.com/irishmissionun/status/1151125697294979072)

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Illustrating the Power of Citizen Generated Data

Co-organised by TAP Network, World Vision, and Global Partnership for Sustainable Development Data, the HLPF side event “Illustrating the Power of Citizen Generated Data for Improved Public Service Delivery and SDG Accountability” was held for discussions about putting people at the center of the data revolution to take place. The panel particularly spent time illustrating the complementary value of citizen generated data to traditional statistics.

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Deep dive: Climate Change and Water, Side-event of HLPF

The HLPF side-event entitled “Deep dive: Climate Change and Water,” was convened to discuss the linkage between this critically important resource and prevailing trends of climate change. Moderated by Ms. Kali Taylor from the SDG Lab, an informative panel discussion was followed by interactive dialogue with its participants.

Outlining her organization’s brief “On Policy and Water,” Ms. Algayerova from UN Water summarized not only how climate change impacts to water resources threaten sustainable maintenance of sanitation, health, and eco-systems, but how current methods to satisfy increasing water demand can further exacerbate climate change. Ms. Ingrid Timboe, a contributor to the report, further expounded its solution recommendations, including appropriate accountability for water availability, adoption of risk-based water strategies, development of climate-resilient infrastructure, and the reduction of exposure to water-related risks. Finally, the website and database corresponding to the report was introduced.

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